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Thursday, 27 June 2013 03:00

The organization "Future Earth"

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Future Earth (http://www.icsu.org/future-earth) is a new international research initiative that will develop the knowledge to define pathways towards global sustainability and respond effectively to the risks and opportunities of global environmental change. Future Earth will empower the scientific community while strengthening partnerships with policy-makers and stakeholders to provide sustainability options and solutions in the wake of Rio+20.

 

Future Earth will build on the critical knowledge, scientific and warning capabilities that global change research programmes have developed over the past decades, and will develop as a globally-distributed network of knowledge nodes to meet the needs and priorities of decision-makers, encourage participations, coordinate global environmental change research agendas and activities, and disseminate knowledge and capacity on science for sustainability.

Our new book is now published and available on http://www.unfpa.org/public/home/publications/pid/13218.

 

Martine George and Daniel Schensul (eds.) 2013. The Demography of Adaptation to Climate Change. New York, London and Mexico City: UNFPA, IIED and El Colegio de México.

 

The book provides detailed examination of the data foundations and critical indicators of climate vulnerability and adaptation, with particular focus on spatial analysis of social and demographic data, in conjunction with other types of data, to understand and act on climate vulnerability. The results of the Malawi and Indonesia work are published in this volume.

First you identify exposure geographically. Then you examine the distribution and characteristics of the population and built/unbuilt environment within the exposed area. What then?

Andrew Cuomo, the Governor of the US state of New York, is making a climate adaptation plan for people and structures in high exposure areas of New York City. He wants to buy homes and properties, raze structures and prevent all future development on these lands, leaving them fallow or using them as buffers for the impacts of storms, flooding and other climate-related hazards. 

This kind of relocation is being discussed around the world. Doing it depends on many things -- one is having good information on the distribution of vulnerability within high exposure areas.

Daniel

Monday, 28 January 2013 18:42

Space matters (an ongoing series)

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One of the major themes of the manual is that using overly large spatial units -- or not disaggregating at all -- can lead to mis-interpretation of data. (See Chapter III for an explication and example out of Viet Nam.) Today we see an interesting, if substantively entirely different, example from professional basketball.

When NBA players shoot the basketball, they make the shot on average about 44.7% of the time. However, it turns out that where they take the shot from matters critically -- so critically that the only place they actually exceed that average is within 7.5 feet of the basket. Everywhere else is below that non-spatially-disaggregated average.

So is it wrong to quote the 44.7% figure? No. But, depending on how you use it, it could certainly be misleading.

The same is very much the case for areas with high spatial inequality, whether cities or countries. The overall figure may be masking a great divide that emerges spatially, one that is essential to understand and integrate into planning.

Daniel

Monday, 21 January 2013 03:50

From layering and visualization to analysis

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We are more than a decade into the GIS explosion. But what this explosion has shown is that, as intuitive and appealing as visualization of data on maps is, and as easy as it is to layer data on maps, what is hard is analysis.

There are some excellent tools on the web that layer climate, economic, social and population data together. To take just two:

The World Bank's Climate Change Knowledge Portal

FAO's Global Agro-Ecological Zones

These put together a wide range of important data in very useful ways. However, particularly at local scale, it remains difficult to generate an integrated analysis of these data that produces rigorous and useful results without a major investment of time and energy from a skilled analyst. Certainly, some existing tools do so, albeit in constrained ways (Google traffic, for instance). But outside of the private sector, and in ways that are accessible around the world and relevant for development challenges, not so much.

I think this is the next key challenge for using spatial data.

Daniel

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